The Study of Maritime Transportation Route Enforced for Pilotage
This research aimed 1) to study the attitude of pilots in six port areas in Thailand toward maritime transportation that are enforced for pilotage in three aspects: route, port, and personnel aspects, and 2) to compare the pilots’ attitude from each port area by using one-way ANOVA, and to study important physical characteristics of each port. This research can further lead to safety development and effectiveness enhancement for maritime transportation. Data were collected by using questionnaire that was validated by using Index of Item – Objective Congruence method. The subjects were 62 pilots. Another instrument was in-depth interview that was done with 21 subjects. The results showed that the pilots agreed most on personnel aspect followed by port and route aspects, respectively. The pilots agreed that ‘working experiences and working hours’ was the most important factor for pilotage. The issues that should be improved the most were ‘the consistency between working hours and resting hours of pilots’ and ‘the adequate pilots to the amount of ships receiving the pilotage service’. The results of the comparison among pilots’ attitude toward the maritime transportation showed that the pilots from six ports had the similar attitude toward the issues in port aspect. However, they had significantly different attitude toward the issues in route and personnel aspects (p < 0.05). The results of the physical characteristics of each maritime transportation area showed that Bangkok port area was the most difficult route for pilotage in Thailand.