Holistic View on Successful Aging: Life Course and Current Factors Determining Successful Aging in Thailand
Aging population is a global phenomenon. In Asia, aging population is rapidly increasing in many countries with less preparation compared to the western countries. The proportion of older adults and aging adults is considerably higher and demanding the attention to understand the implication and also the factors leading to successful aging. This study provides a holistic view on successful aging taking into account the denotation, measurement, and also predictors of successful aging following continuity theory. The study adds to the concept of successful aging by examining the relationships between the life course factors, current factors and successful aging. Specifically, the criteria of ‘success’ will be expanded to include life satisfaction, well-being, and self-actualization. Data were obtained from older adults residing in Thailand using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The major findings show that there are important factors, resilience and mental health maintenance which could positively influence successful aging. Therefore, this leaves the room for the governmental units and related institutions to implement more effective policy, not only for the current older adults but also preparing the next generations to age successfully. The understanding and well-preparation for the aging people would be contributing-factors to the increasing successful aging.